Protestant reformation and german peasants war
Many of the rebels had been inspired by Luther and had hoped that he would join them and even lead them. In the spring ofthere were five large bands of peasants roaming the countryside, burning homes of nobles and princes, and bringing townspeople over to their side.
After the war was over and the peasants defeated, he then criticized the violence by the rulers and the continued suppression of peasants.
German peasants war causes
The fact that this treatment was worse in the south than in the north was the reason that the war began in the south. The Protestant Churches were to support the existing social order, that was hierarchal and socially conservative. He taught that peasants had a responsibility to farm the land and rulers had the responsibility to keep the peace. She has been involved in the women's movement since the late s. Soon there were revolts in the Black Forest area. The princes had hired mercenaries and built up their armies, and then turned to crush the peasants, who were untrained and poorly armed in comparison. Consequently, some peasants, particularly those who had limited allodial requirements, were able to accrue significant economic, social, and legal advantages. Trains tross were sometimes larger than the fighting force, but they required organization and discipline. Frankenhausen The peasants were crushed in a battle at Frankenhausen, fought May 15,
The peasants sought relief from heavy taxes, an end to serfdom, fair trials, and an end to the taxes they owed on the death of a member of their families.
No revenues collected were subject to formal administration, and civic accounts were neglected.
What was the impact of the German Peasant War on the Reformation? The institution of Roman law rather than medieval feudal law meant that the peasants lost some of their standing and power. Two putti support a red cross in a white field; the motto: What God has joined let man not separate; coloured woodcut by Hans Burgkmair, Many pastors and ordinary people, who had been inspired by Luther, now turned against him and this had begun prior to the Peasants War. The burgher-master guild master, or artisan now owned both his workshop and its tools, which he allowed his apprentices to use, and provided the materials that his workers needed. The new Protestant Churches because of the crisis caused by the Peasant War became more conservative and came under the total control of the elite. Some bishops , archbishops , abbots and priors were as ruthless in exploiting their subjects as the regional princes. These conditions created problems and confusion for the nobles as they tried to gather together forces large enough to put down the revolts. Other roles included lieutenants, captains, standard-bearers, master gunner, wagon-fort master, train master, four watch-masters, four sergeant-majors to arrange the order of battle, a weibel sergeant for each company, two quartermasters, farriers, quartermasters for the horses, a communications officer and a pillage master.
Not only were they literate, but in the Middle Ages they had produced most books. Aristocrats ruled small city-states or provinces, subject to loose control by Charles V of Spainthen the Holy Roman Emperor, and by the Roman Catholic Churchwhich taxed the local princes.
Arbitrary road, bridge, and gate tolls were instituted at will. It spread quickly in southern and western Germany, and as far as Switzerland and Austria.
The landsknechte clothed, armed and fed themselves, and were accompanied by a sizable train of sutlersbakers, washerwomen, prostitutes and sundry individuals with occupations needed to sustain the force.
This had not been envisaged by Luther and this outcome was partly a result of the compromises he made with the nobles in the aftermath of the Peasant War.
Peasants war eu4
However, the clergy was beginning to lose its overwhelming intellectual authority. The institution of Roman law rather than medieval feudal law meant that the peasants lost some of their standing and power. Urban poor joined in the rebellion as it spread to cities. What was the impact of the German Peasant War on the Reformation? Their luxurious lifestyle drained what little income they had as prices kept rising. Empowered in their religious views, and pressed by crop failures that threatened starvation, they saw an opportunity to overthrow the feudal system, in which they were bound to the estates of the nobles and forced to give up the produce of the fields in which they worked. More than 5, peasants were killed, and the leaders captured and executed.
based on 7 review